Water governance determines “who gets water, when, and how much.” The report stresses that governments are not the sole providers of water to people, especially in low-income settings. Instead, the report puts forth a ‘whole-of-society’ approach which recognizes the increasing role of non-state actors in providing water. With increased competition over water resources, however, the need for strong governance, oversight, and coordination in water management is heightened. It is especially important for cross-sectoral stakeholders to be engaged in water resources management, and for water policy to link to national and international climate change policy.
To improve water management, the report recommends three things: 1) greater public participation to discuss and manage climate risks; 2) building adaptive capacities at multiple levels; and 3) prioritizing risk reduction for socially vulnerable groups.
Other agents of change include young people, who are increasingly concerned about climate change as demonstrated by the 2019 Global Youth Strike, where 1.4 million students and young adults across 120 countries left school and workplaces to demand climate action. Youth have also been able use local initiatives to raise awareness and advocate for policy recommendations.